13. War and conflict – definition, characteristics and concepts. Evolution, dynamics and types of conflicts. Managing conflicts. Concepts of Security. Security and defence policies.
- Nopens, P., Peace Operations as an Instrument of Conflict Prevention, Brussels, 1995
- Scott, L., International History 1945-1990, in The Globalization of World Politics, An Introduction to International Relations ed. by John Baylis and Steve Smith, Oxford New York, 1997