1-What makes Herzen such a distinct political thinker? What are the first principles of his political philosophy? What do you make of his advice at the very end of the excerpt on page 214 in the context of the mid-nineteenth century (where political revolutions were not uncommon)?
2-What does de Tocqueville mean when he describes democracy as something that “cannot be stopped” and “cannot be guided”? What is his assessment of American democracy? What does he think is its “main evil”? Why does he think there is no “barrier” to tyranny in America?