Capstone Project (Two separate papers)

Get perfect grades by consistently using our writing services. Place your order and get a quality paper today. Take advantage of our current 20% discount by using the coupon code GET20

Order a Similar Paper Order a Different Paper

I need Two separate papers written to finish my capstone project

For the 1st question I need a 4 page paper

For the 2nd question I need a 3 page paper

Capstone Research question: “The role that community
law enforcement plays in urban areas and how community law
enforcement agencies can promote ethnic and racial discrimination in the urban
societies based on how they provide services”

In research-based projects, conclusions and recommendations are an important part in finalizing efforts and sharing insights gained from the project. For your Capstone Project, your conclusions and recommendations will be based on your literature review and any other information you may have gathered. For this Assignment, you reflect on the literature you found for your Capstone Project. Then, you consider conclusions and recommendations you may develop related to your research questions.

Question 1.Types of Data and Research Methods

Write a 4 page paper explaining the types of data that may help you answer your research question, including which research method might be best if you were to collect data for your Capstone Project and why.

  • Briefly describe the problem or issue you selected and the research question you developed for your Capstone Project.
  • Explain one conclusion you might make, based on the analysis of the literature you found and your proposed research.
  • With this conclusion in mind, explain one recommendation you might make regarding the problem or issue you identified.

Reminder: Use APA guidelines for citations and formatting.

Question 2. Conclusions and Recommendations

Write a 3 page paper explaining conclusions you might make, based on the analysis of the literature you found and your proposed research. Include recommendations, as well as how you might disseminate this information to stakeholders.

Capstone Guideline:

Policy analysis: If your research question/problem seeks a best way to solve a
problem, then you are probably proposing a policy analysis. Policy analyses compare a
number of alternate approaches to solving a problem. Policy analysis involves an effort
to collect reliable research about each of those alternatives and determine which
alternative offers the best solution to the problem. It is important to narrow the scope of
the problem so that you can measure potential outcomes of the various solutions (i.e.,
should the best outcome be the most cost-effective solution, the simplest to implement,
or the fastest?). Establishing these criteria can help you identify the best solution.

Policy Analysis Research Paper Guidelines
A policy analysis allows you the opportunity to examine an issue of current relevance to
public policy making. Topics may be issues of longstanding interest and debate in the
public sector, or issues that have not yet caught the attention of policy makers. In order
to successfully complete a policy analysis, you should keep in mind that such analyses
are intended to inform those who may be affected by such issues. Therefore, the
research paper should provide the reader with a balanced and comprehensive
assessment of the intended policy and its potential consequences. It should educate the
reader about the nature of the issue, its background and current status, and the different
alternatives that policy makers might pursue to resolve the issue in a satisfactory
manner. It should be noted that a policy analysis is not an evaluation of an existing
agency program. Although program evaluations and policy analyses share many of the
same tools and methodologies, they answer fundamentally different questions. Policy
analyses seek to determine whether there is a government alternative for solving a
generally recognized social problem that best suits the needs of the affected public. In
contrast, a program evaluation seeks to determine the success or failure of an existing
public program. When you write your paper, you should think of yourself as a staff
person who must advise a policy maker facing a problem that must be resolved in the
near future.
Policy Analysis Research Paper Outline
A policy analysis paper should generally include the following components:
I. Executive Summary. A 100- to 200-word summary of your topic and the plan of your
Chapter One
II. Issue Definition. Begin your analysis with a short section introducing the
problem/issue you wish to research. The purpose of this section is to give the reader an
immediate indication of the issue you are addressing and why it is significant. Be very
explicit about the subject matter and define the terms of your analysis.
III. Background. This section should describe the key historical aspects of your issue in
order to place the topic within an historical context. You should include the policy
networks that have arisen in connection with your issue. A typical policy network might
include elected or appointed officials, concerned citizen groups, interest groups, public
agencies, think tanks, and private entities (such as regulated industries). The policy
network will contain very different groups depending on the nature of the issue. In this
section you should also identify whom you believe to be the major stakeholders.
Chapter Two
IV. Theoretical Framework/Key Concerns. This portion of your paper should provide
you with some idea as to why this particular issue and your analysis are important to the
field of public administration and policy. In many ways, this is the heart of your paper.
Here you may wish to draw on readings that you have had in your program coursework.
You should provide the reader with a clear rationale for why this issue relates to key
concerns in public administration, and how your analysis will address some of those
V. Literature Review. This section ties together the historical background on you topic
and the key concerns identified in your theoretical framework by examining in more
detail the nature of your particular issue. It is here that you may wish to discuss the
immediate and future repercussions of your topic. In this section, you may draw from a
variety of sources (newspaper articles, scholarly journals, books, government
documents, legislation, previous analyses) to describe the reasons why this issue may
be difficult to resolve. You may wish to focus on the different values and interests of the
actors involved in the policy network, the resources (money, personnel, time, media)
© 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 5 of 8
being used, the institutions involved (legislative bodies, executives, public agencies, the
courts, public opinion), and the degree to which consensus on the issue is either
present or lacking. It will also be important to identify the “facts” surrounding the issue,
and to what extent there is agreement across the different actors.
Chapter Three
VI. Identification of Policy Alternatives. This is the main section of your paper. This is
where analysis of what is currently being done is compared to the possible actions that
the government might take to resolve the issue. It is not appropriate, for example, to
focus on alternatives such as broad societal changes or new economics systems that
are beyond feasible limits. Identifying alternatives, establishing criteria, and evaluating
these criteria should be based on program readings.
Chapter Four
VII. Recommendations. Your analysis should conclude with a summary of the central
knowledge you have gained from research. Here you will provide your recommended
alternative to key policy makers, with a brief summary outlining how you arrived at this


American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American
Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Aresty Research Center. (2013). Find resources. Retrieved from…
Beck, S. E. (1997). Evaluation criteria: The good, the bad and the ugly: or, Why it’s a
good idea to evaluate Web sources. Retrieved from
Binderkrantz, A. S. (2012). Interest groups in the media: Bias and diversity over time.
European Journal of Political Research, 51(1), 117–139.
Booth, W. C., Colomb, G. G., Williams, J. M., Bizup, J. & Fitzgerald, W. T. (2016). The
craft of research (4th ed.). Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.
Bort, J. (2013). 24 mind-blowing facts about the size of the Internet. Business Insider.
Retrieved from…
Campbell, D. T., & Stanley, J. C. (1963). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs
for research. Dallas, TX: Cengage Learning. (n.d.). Retrieved August 28, 2014, from
Chen, H. (Ed.). (2005). Practical program evaluation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
© 2018 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 2 of 6
Corbin, J., & Strauss, A. (2008). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and
procedures for developing grounded theory (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Cornell University Library. (2014a). Critically analyzing information sources: Critical
appraisal and analysis. Retrieved from…
Cornell University Library. (2014b). Evaluating web sites: Criteria and tools. Retrieved
Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five
approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods
approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2005). The Sage handbook of qualitative research (3rd
ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Dunleavy, P., & Margetts, H. (2010, September). The second wave of digital era
governance. Paper presented at the 2010 Annual Meeting of the American
Political Science Association, Washington, DC. Retrieved from…
Empire State College. (n.d.). Developing a research question. Retrieved August 28,
2014, from
© 2018 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 3 of 6
Frankfort-Nachmias, C., & Nachmias, D. (2008). Research methods in the social
sciences (7th ed.). New York, NY: Worth.
Franko, W., Tolbert, C. J., & Witko, C. (2013). Inequality, self-interest, and public
support for “Robin Hood” tax policies. Political Research Quarterly, 66(4), 923–
Future proof your career. (2009). Public Sector, 32(1), 15.
George Mason University Writing Center. (2012). How to Write a Research Question.
Retrieved from…
Grimaldi, R. (2006). Highs and lows of the career roller coast
© 2018 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 4 of 6
Laureate Education (Producer). (2012b). Introduction to scholarly writing: Tips for
success [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.
Laureate Education (Producer). (2012c). Roundtable: Research methods [Video file].
Baltimore, MD: Author.
Laureate Education (Producer). (2012d). Theory [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.
Laureate Education (Producer). (2013). The literature review part I [Video file].
Baltimore, MD: Author.
Leigh, A. (2003). Thinking ahead: Strategic foresight and government. Australian
Journal of Public Administration, 62(2), 3–10.
Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Lu, J. (2013). Intellectual paradigms in public administration. Administrative Theory &
Praxis, 35(2), 308–313.
Machi, L. A., & McEvoy, B. T. (2016). The literature review: Six steps to success (3rd
ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
Maguire, L. L. (2005). Literature review – Faculty participation in online distance
education: Barriers and motivators. Online Journal of Distance Learning
Administration, 8(1). Retrieved from…
Majchrzak, A. (Ed.). (1984). Methods for policy research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration. (2000). NASA’s actions to implement
the Rogers Commission recommendations after the Challenger accident.
Retrieved from….
© 2018 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 5 of 6
North Carolina A&T State University. (2013). What is a ‘literature review’ anyway?
Retrieved from
Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2009). The miniature guide to critical thinking: Concepts and tools
(6th ed.). Dillion Beach, CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking Press.
Perry, J. L., & Buckwalter, N. D. (2010). The public service of the future. Public
Administration Review, 70, s238–s245.
Rolnick, A. J. (2004). Interview with Ben S. Bernanke. Retrieved from…
Sutter, J. D. (2011). How many pages are on the internet? Retrieved from
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston,
MA: Pearson.
Tashakkori, A., & Teddlie, C. (2010). Sage handbook of mixed methods in social &
behavioral research (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
University of California Santa Cruz. (n.d.). Write a literature review. Retrieved from…
The University of Texas at Austin. (2010). Peer reviewed journals. Retrieved from…
University of Wisconsin Writing Center. (2014). Conducting peer reviews. Retrieved
U.S. Government Accountability Office. (2004). Summary of recommendations–The
9/11 Commission report. Retrieved from
© 2018 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 6 of 6
Walden Library. (2014). Theorists and theories. Retrieved from
Walden University. (n.d.-a). Scholars of change. Retrieved August 28, 2014, from…
Walden University. (n.d.-b). Vision and mission statements. Retrieved August 28, 2014,
Walden University. (n.d.-c). Welcome to Walden University’s OptimalResume system!
Retrieved September 9, 2014, from
Walliman, N. (Ed.). (2006). Social research methods. London, England: Sage.
Washington & Lee University. (2007). Information fluency & quantitative analysis.
Retrieved from…
Yin, R. K. (2008). Case study research: Design and methods (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks,
CA: Sage.

Do you need help with this or a different assignment? We offer CONFIDENTIAL, ORIGINAL (Turnitin/LopesWrite/SafeAssign checks), and PRIVATE services using latest (within 5 years) peer-reviewed articles. Kindly click on ORDER NOW to receive an excellent paper from our writers.

Get a 15% discount on your order using the following coupon code SAVE15

Order a Similar Paper Order a Different Paper